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What are the hazards?

  1. Falling from height
  2. Slips and trips
  3. Fire/explosion
  4. Manual handling
  5. Hot works
  6. Use of hand tools – Injuries to hands, feet, body, and eyes
  7. Electricity
  8. Welfare

Who might be harmed and how?

  1. Serious or even fatal injury could occur if an operator falls from a height. Others working below are also at risk.
  2. All operators, and tradesmen nearby, may suffer sprains, bruising, or fractures if they trip over objects, such as work debris, or slip-on spillages.
  3. All operatives in the vicinity could suffer from smoke inhalation or burns.
  4. Operators risk injury, particularly to the back, from lifting and handling heavy or awkward objects, e.g., Pipe sections.
  5. Operators and nearby tradesmen are at risk from burns/fire.
  6. Operatives could suffer injuries when using hand tools.
  7. Operatives and others risk potentially fatal injuries if they receive a shock from faulty electrical equipment.
  8. Good welfare facilities reduce the risk of dermatitis, help with good hygiene, etc.

Precautions already in place

  1. Sufficient Step-Ups to be available, all in good condition.
  2. Where required platforms, with guardrails to be used.
  3. All operators wear safety boots – ‘no boots, no job’ policy.
  4. Good housekeeping, e.g., debris put in a skip, brush available to use to keep the work area clear.
  5. All trailing cables in the work area were hung up or otherwise kept out of harm’s way.
  6. Safe route to job agreed with site manager based on on-site health and safety plan.
  7. Suitable fire extinguisher kept in the site office and welfare block.
  8. Good housekeeping is monitored by the supervisor.
  9. Where possible, mechanical means to be used to transport materials.
  10. Where the movement requires short distances, operatives will use barrows, or where this risk is the minimal passage of materials between numbers of operatives.
  11. All materials will be below the recommended guidelines for manual handling lifting the weight of 25kg.
  12. All hot works areas are to be cleared of any debris, fire extinguishers are to be kept closed at all times, and fire blankets used where needed. Hot works permits will be in place and hot works guidelines will be adhered to. Smoke alarms are to be isolated locally. 
  13. Management monitor tools for deterioration through use. Tools to be replaced when necessary. 
  14. Operatives were instructed on the correct method of use and maintenance requirements at induction.
  15. Suitable eye protection is to be provided whenever there is a risk of flying objects or pieces of the tool breaking off.
  16. Site manager to supply 110 v temporary supplies.
  17. The staff knows to check all cables, leads, etc of all powered tools/ equipment before use, and to report all faults to their supervisor.
  18. Agreement with site manager that staff may use site welfare facilities – toilets, washing facilities with hot and cold water, and mess room/kitchen.

What further action is necessary?

  1. Include work at height in the toolbox talk before beginning work on day one. 
  2. Manager to check on-site housekeeping during visits.
  3. Include in site induction before beginning work on day one.
  4. Supervisor to brief all workers on the first day on emergency arrangements agreed with the principal contractor.
  5. Remind operatives of a safe system of work at site induction.
  6. Firewatcher is to be appointed who will check for smoldering material for a period of no less than 1 hour after hot work is completed.
  7. Sharp tools to remain sheathed when not in use.
  8. During site induction on day one, the manager reinforced rules on electrical safety.
  9. Tell staff about facilities at site induction on day one.


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